By: Zachary Lopez (ZachNews):
Source: City of Needles, Robert Yee, Government Portal of the Republic of China (Taiwan), and Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Los Angeles, California (Information):
Needles, California: The National Day of the Republic of China 10-10 Ceremony 2020 was held on Saturday, October 10th, 2020 in front of the courthouse off Bailey Avenue.
This was the 109th year for the Republic of China, commonly known as Taiwan, celebrating their National Day 10-10.
The National Day of the Republic of China, also referred to as Double Ten Day or Double Tenth Day, is the national day of the Republic of China (ROC).
It commemorates the start of the Wuchang Uprising of October 10, 1911 (10-10 or double ten), which led to the end of the Qing Dynasty in China and establishment of the Chinese Republic.
The republic was formally established on January 1 1912 following the Xinhai Revolution, successfully overthrowing the Qing dynasty and ending over two thousand years of imperial rule in China.
During the course of the Chinese Civil War, the government of the Republic of China lost control of mainland China, fleeing to the Island of Taiwan in December 1949.
The National Day is now mainly celebrated in ROC-controlled Taiwan, but is also celebrated here in Needles, California, about 7,016 miles away from Taiwan.
According to Robert Yee, this event started in Needles with my father Wing Yee on October 10, 1972.
Robert Yee tells ZachNews that his father was born in China in 1915, immigrated to the United States in the 1929, was a believer and supporter Chiang Kai-shek, came to Needles, California and went to school there.
In 1964, he returns to Needles, where he ran a restaurant across the street from the old city hall, and the restaurant was a meeting place for an informal coffee club that included business owners, city officers, and retired people, known as the Dirty old men’s Club.
Robert Yee tells ZachNews that in 1972, he asked and got permission to raise the Republic of China’s flag over city hall.
With the exception of 2001 after the 9-11 terrorist attacks when it was agreed upon that it would not be appropriate that year, this 10-10 event has always held on October 10th at 10 am PST no matter what day of the week.
This tradition was carried on after my father passed away on December 7, 1983, and with the City of Needles support and members of the Needles City Council and people like Bruce Weekly, Billy Yeh, Murl Shaver, Dr. Edward Pagent and myself, the 10-10 event has grown from a gathering of a few people to over 100 people from all over California, Nevada, Arizona, Texas, and Taiwan.
This is the 47th year for the local long standing tradition National Day of the Republic of China 10-10 ceremony for the City of Needles, and due to the current COVID-19 pandemic situation, this year’s event was a bit different.
Changes were made to the event layout and ceremony schedule in order to follow California’s rules and guidelines related to COVID-19 for outdoor events, including fewer invited guest, dignitaries and officials attending from outside the local area, seating arrangements were rearranged and distance out in following health guidelines, face coverages and masks were encouraged to be worn during the event, and the after ceremony luncheon was relocated due to California’s COVID-19 restrictions and guidelines on inside dining restaurants in California.
Also, the Needles High School Mustang Band which performed the United States national anthem in past years of the ceremony, were not able performed due to the California’s COVID-19 restrictions and guidelines related to schools.
Despite all of the changes that had to be made, the mood of the celebration did not get spoiled, and people still celebrate the National Day of the Republic of China 10-10 event well enjoying the wonderful desert community of Needles, California that those in attendance look forward to visiting each year.
ZachNews Photojournalist Zachary Lopez was in attendance and broadcast live the ceremony at ZachNews on Facebook.
Among those in attendance included representatives and dignitaries from the Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Los Angeles, the California Republic of China Veterans Associations in Los Angeles, California and the Republic of China’s Air Force Color Guard, local officals from the City of Needles including Needles Vice Mayor Edward Paget and his wife Janice, Needles City Manger Rick Daniels, Needles City Council Member Timothy Terral, current candidates for Needles City Council including Jamie McCorkle, Kirsten Merritt and Ellen A. Campbell, and Bing Lum with the Colorado River Medical Center; an estimated 30 to 40 people were in attendance.
The ceremony began with the flag raising ceremony of the United States of America and the Republic of China well the national anthems for the United States of America and the Republic of China was sung.
Some speakers talked about 10-10 and present proclamations as well as gifts to local official and the community.
irector of Taipei Economic and Culture Office in Los Angeles, Lieutenant Colonel Chih-hwa Ni to say a few words on behalf of the ROC government, also presenting gifts, including to Mayor Mr. Williams, Dr. Paget and Mr. Yee’s family.
More gifts were given out to more people including Needles City Manger Rick Daniels and Bing Lum from Colorado River Medical Center.
The Republic of China L.A. Air Force Veteran’s Association presented a gift to Needles City Manager Rick Daniels and a check for $500 scholarship to Band Director Justin Carlson for the Needles High School Mustang Band.
After a couple of pictures at the end of the ceremony, the small group went to purchase their favorite honey from Mystic Maze Honey of Needles, California; bringing out the big bucks and bringing home a crate load of jars delicious honey.
The small group then walked down to street to the cafeteria area of the Colorado River Medical Center where Panda Garden delivered food for the luncheon.
Later during the luncheon, Bing Lum with Colorado River Medical Center presented two delicious trays of cheesecake and carrot cake too those in attendance for the luncheon.
Needles City Mayor Jeff Williams was unable to make the ceremony but did make the luncheon inside the Colorado River Medical Center were invited guests and dignitaries talked with and took pictures with the mayor and vice mayor of Needles, California.
Robert Yee tells ZachNews that he would especially like to thank the Republic of China L.A. Air Force Veteran’s Association for their work and dedication and continued support for the Needles 10-10 flag raising ceremony in support of the Republic of China (Taiwan).
*** More Information and History on the Republic of China (Taiwan): ***
To begin, the Republic of China is commonly known as Taiwan with a blue sky, white sun, and a wholly red earth flag design.
The Republic of China is situated in the West Pacific between Japan to the northeast, the Philippines to the south, and the People’s Republic of China (PRC) which is commonly known as China with a five-starred red flag, located to the northwest.
Its jurisdiction extends to the archipelagoes of Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu, as well as numerous other islets.
The total area of Taiwan proper and its outlying islands is around 36,197 square kilometers.
At about the size of the Netherlands, but with a population of some 23 million, Taiwan is more populous than three-quarters of the world’s nations.
Taiwan proper has more than its share of natural splendor. Mountain ranges with many peaks reaching over 3,000 meters—including East Asia’s highest, Jade Mountain (Yushan)—and forested foothills occupy more than half of its area.
The island also features volcanic mountains, tablelands, coastal plains and basins.
The Diaoyutai Islands, which lie northeast of Taiwan, and a number of islands in the South China Sea, including those in the Tungsha (Pratas), Nansha (Spratly), Shisha (Paracel) and Chungsha (Macclesfield Bank) islands, are also part of the territory of the ROC.
The main island of Taiwan has an area of 35,808 square kilometres (13,826 sq mi), with mountain ranges dominating the eastern two-thirds and plains in the western third, where its highly urbanised population is concentrated.
Taipei is the capital as well as the largest metropolitan area of Taiwan, with other major cities include New Taipei, Kaohsiung, Taichung, Tainan and Taoyuan.
The following timeline obtained by the Government Portal of the Republic of China (Taiwan) that focuses on Taiwan’s recorded history dating from about 400 years ago, although it has been home to Malayo-Polynesian peoples for many millenniums.
It is commonly believed that European sailors passing Taiwan record the island’s name as Ilha Formosa, or beautiful island.
Taiwan continues to experience visits by small numbers of Chinese merchants, fishermen and pirates.
The Dutch East India Company establishes a base in southwestern Taiwan, initiating a transformation in aboriginal grain production practices and employing Chinese laborers to work on its rice and sugar plantations.
Spanish adventurers establish bases in northern Taiwan, but are ousted by the Dutch in 1642.
Fleeing the Manchurian conquest of the Ming dynasty (1368-1644), Ming loyalists under Zheng Cheng-gong, or Koxinga, drive out the Dutch from Taiwan and establish authority over the island.
Qing dynasty (1644-1912) forces take control of Taiwan’s western and northern coastal areas.
Taiwan is declared a province of the Qing Empire.
Following defeat in the First Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895), the Qing government signs the Treaty of Shimonoseki, by which it cedes sovereignty over Taiwan to Japan, which rules the island until 1945.
Chinese revolutionaries overthrow the Qing Empire and establish the ROC.
During World War II, ROC leader Chiang Kai-shek meets with U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill in Cairo. After the conclusion of the conference, the Cairo Declaration is released, stating that “…Formosa [Taiwan], and the Pescadores [the Penghu Islands], shall be restored to the Republic of China…”
The ROC, U.K. and U.S. jointly issue the Potsdam Declaration, calling for Japan’s unconditional surrender and the carrying-out of the Cairo Declaration.
After World War II, ROC government representatives accept the surrender of Japanese forces in Taiwan. The Chief Executive of Taiwan Province Chen Yi sends a memorandum to the Japanese governor-general of Taiwan, stating that “As the Chief Executive of Taiwan Province of the ROC, …I restore all legal territory, people, administration, political, economic, and cultural facilities and assets of Taiwan [including the Penghu Islands].”
The ROC Constitution is promulgated Jan. 1 and is scheduled to take effect Dec. 25. In March and the following months, ROC troops dispatched from China suppress a large-scale uprising of Taiwan residents sparked by the February 28 Incident.
As full-scale civil war rages in China between the Kuomintang-led ROC government and CCP, the Temporary Provisions Effective During the Period of National Mobilization for Suppression of the Communist Rebellion are enacted, overriding the ROC Constitution and greatly expanding presidential powers.
The ROC government relocates to Taiwan, followed by 1.2 million people from China.
Oct. 25 sees the Battle of Kuningtou on Kinmen, in which the ROC armed forces defeat the communists on the northwestern coast of the island.
Martial law is declared in Taiwan and continues to be in force until 1987.
The Treaty of Peace is signed between the ROC and Japan at Taipei Guest House, formally ending the state of war between the two parties. It is recognized that under Article 2 of the 1951 San Francisco Treaty, Japan has renounced all rights, titles and claims to Formosa [Taiwan] and the Pescadores [the Penghu Islands] as well as the Spratly Islands and the Paracel Islands. All treaties, conventions and agreements concluded before Dec. 9, 1941, between China and Japan have become null and void as a consequence of the war.
The ROC-U.S. Mutual Defense Treaty is signed in Washington.
Aug. 23 sees the start of an artillery duel between the ROC garrison on Kinmen and Chinese forces that lasts more than 40 days.
The first Export Processing Zone is established in Kaohsiung City, southern Taiwan. The creation of such zones propels Taiwan toward becoming a developed nation, setting a paradigm for other countries to follow.
The nine-year compulsory education system is launched at a time when fewer than nine countries globally have compulsory education systems of this length or more.
The ROC withdraws from the U.N.
Democracy activists demonstrating in Kaohsiung are arrested and imprisoned following what is known as the Kaohsiung Incident, which eventually leads to the formation and development of the Democratic Progressive Party in 1986.
Martial law, in effect since 1949, ends and bans on the formation of new political parties and news publications are lifted. Democratization goes into high gear.
Cross-strait people-to-people exchanges begin.
The Temporary Provisions Effective During the Period of National Mobilization for Suppression of the Communist Rebellion are abolished. From this year through 2005, the ROC Constitution undergoes seven rounds of revision. Taiwan becomes a member of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation.
Government-authorized representatives from across the Taiwan Strait meet for the first time in Hong Kong, and via subsequent communication and negotiations arrive at various joint acknowledgements and understandings.
The National Health Insurance program begins.
The ROC holds its first-ever direct presidential election, with the KMT’s Lee Teng-hui and running mate Lien Chan garnering 54 percent of the vote.
Chen Shui-bian and Annette Hsiu-lien Lu of the DPP are elected president and vice president, ending the KMT’s more than 50-year rule and marking the first transfer of ROC government executive power in Taiwan between political parties.
Taiwan becomes a member of the World Trade Organization.
The Legislative Yuan passes the Referendum Act, providing a legal basis for citizens to vote directly on issues of local or national importance.
The first national referendum is held in conjunction with the third direct presidential election, in which Chen and Lu are re-elected with a slight majority.
The Legislative Yuan passes a constitutional amendment package, halving the number of its seats from 225 to 113 and introducing the single-district, two-votes system for legislative elections.
Ma Ying-jeou and Vincent C. Siew of the KMT are elected president and vice president of the ROC, garnering 58 percent of the vote and marking the second transfer of ROC government executive power in Taiwan between political parties.
Taiwan attends the World Health Assembly as an observer, marking its first participation in an activity of the U.N. since its withdrawal in 1971.
President Ma signs the instruments of ratification of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.
The ROC inks the Cross-Straits Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement (ECFA) with China to institutionalize economic and trade relations across the Taiwan Strait.
The centennial of the ROC is celebrated in Taiwan.
Incumbent Ma Ying-jeou and his new running mate Wu Den-yih, representing the KMT, win the election for president and vice president with 51.6 percent of the vote.
Taiwan signs an agreement on economic cooperation with New Zealand and an agreement on economic partnership with Singapore.
Taiwan attends the 38th session of the International Civil Aviation Organization Assembly as the guest of the council’s president.
Mainland Affairs Council Minister Wang Yu-chi holds a formal meeting with China’s Taiwan Affairs Office director Zhang Zhijun in Nanjing in February, marking the first official contact between the heads of the respective government agencies responsible for cross-strait relations.
A record 11,130 candidates are elected nationwide for nine categories of local government representatives in what are known as the “nine-in-one” local elections.
President Ma and Chinese leader Xi Jinping meet in Singapore in November, marking the first top-level meeting between the two sides in 66 years.
Taiwan signs the WTO’s Trade Facilitation Agreement and submits its instrument of acceptance to the organization.
DPP Chairperson Tsai Ing-wen and academic Chen Chien-jen are elected president and vice president of the ROC. The DPP gains its first legislative majority after securing 68 of the 113 seats.
The Constitutional Court rules that provisions of the Civil Code not allowing same-sex marriage violate the Constitution, placing Taiwan on track to become the first country in Asia to legalize same-sex unions.
The Indigenous Languages Development Act is enacted to preserve and promote the native tongues of Taiwan’s 16 officially recognized indigenous tribes.
Taiwan hosts the Taipei 2017 Summer Universiade.
Formosat-5, the nation’s first homegrown ultra-high resolution Earth observation satellite, is launched.
The Taiwan Travel Act is passed by the U.S. Congress and signed into law by U.S. President Donald J. Trump.
*** For more information about Taiwan and the 10-10 event, please check out the following websites below: ***
Thank you to all those who attended the ceremony, and great work to everybody who help organize and participated in the National Day of the Republic of China 10-10 ceremony 2020 event in Needles, California.