News Alert!!: Colorado River Tri-State: New California, Arizona, and Nevada Laws for 2019.
As we all welcome in the New Year 2019, here are a few of the new laws for 2019 that will be or is in effect for California, Arizona, and Nevada.
**** California: ****
- Employment and the Workplace:
Senate Bill 3, Minimum Wage Increase: Workers in companies with 25 or fewer employees will have a salary increase of $10.50 to $11. At companies with more than 25 employees, the increase will be $11 to $12. This law was approved in 2016 and will continue until the minimum wage reaches $15.
Assembly Bill 1066, Overtime for Agricultural Workers: Under AB 1066, agricultural workers will receive an overtime payment in their salaries. This regulation will slowly increase the wages for extra hours for agricultural employees over a period of four years. Changes begin on Jan. 1, 2019 for employers who hire more than 25 employees.
Senate Bill 946, Street Vendors: The law, passed in 2018, protects the activity of street vendors in the state and allows them to sell on the streets. However, under this measure, local authorities will have the power to establish regulations based on aspects of health, safety and public welfare.
Assembly Bill 2770, Protection Against Lawsuits in Cases of Harassment Complaints This new law protects victims of sexual harassment and employers from being sued for defamation by the alleged harasser in cases of a complaint of sexual harassment and while the employer conducts your internal investigation.
Senate Bill 820, Confidentiality Agreements: This measure prohibits confidentiality agreements in cases of sexual harassment, assault and discrimination that are signed as of Jan. 1, 2019, unless the claimant requests the inclusion of the provision.
Senate Bill 1300, Waiver of Legal Claims: This workplace law prohibits employers from forcing new employees or those seeking raises to waive their right to file legal claims. However, employees could still waive those rights as part of an agreement, such as in cases for compensation packages.
Assembly Bill 1976, Breastfeeding at Work: This legislation requires employers to make reasonable efforts to provide a room or place for breastfeeding that is not a bathroom.
- Health and the Environment:
Assembly Bill 1884, Straws at the Customer’s Request: California restaurants will only provide straws or plastic straws to customers who request it. Restaurants may receive fines if they do not comply with this legislation.
Senate Bill 1192, Beverages for Children: Restaurants in California may only serve water or milk without flavor in children’s meals that combine a food with a drink. Clients can order it if they wish.
Assembly Bill 626, Home Cooking as a Microenterprise: Allows cities and counties to authorize and regulate the sale of home-made foods.
Assembly Bill 485, Sale of Pets: Prohibits the sale of breeding dogs, cats and rabbits in pet stores and requires that these animals be obtained from animal shelters or rescue groups.
- Public Safety:
Assembly Bill 748, Police Transparency: Requires that the images of body cameras on police officers and any other audio recording acquired by a police agency be disclosed to the public. This must be done within 45 days after a police shooting or excessive force causes death or injury to a person.
Senate Bill 1421, Police Transparency: Allows public access to police records in cases of force, as well as investigations that confirmed the lack of honesty in the work or sexual misconduct.
Senate Bill 1391, Juvenile Justice: Requires that juveniles ages 14 and 15 accused of crimes be tried in the juvenile justice system instead of being prosecuted as adults.
Senate Bill 1200, Gun Control: Eliminates fees for requesting a Firearms Violence Restraining Order (GVRO) and adds ammunition and bullet drums to the list of items related to firearms that can be confiscated.
**** Arizona: ****
Starting January 1st, the hourly minimum wage in the state will increase $0.50 to $11 per hour. The minimum wage increase is the third of four annual increases mandated by voters back in 2016.
Another new law going into effect in January 2019 is a new fee for drivers. All Arizona car and truck owners will pay a $32 “public safety fee” when they renew their vehicle registration. Earlier in 2018, Arizona Governor Doug Ducey signed into legislation a law mandating public schools in the state provide at least two recess periods per day for students kindergarten through fifth grade. The new law does not specify when schools should hold the second recess, leaving it up to teachers to decide.
Furthermore the Farm Bill signed by United States President Donald Trump will make the hemp and CBD industry legal. There is research that CBD helps with seizures and arthritis. The Arizona Farm Bureau backed this bill.
**** Nevada: ****
Nevada approved five ballot measures this past midterm election in November 2018 and several of them are set to take effect in 2019.
Question 1, also known as Marsy’s Law, gives specific rights to crime victims and changed the Nevada constitution to allow each person who is a victim of a crime to be entitled to more than a dozen rights. Lawmakers will clarify parts of the new law this legislative session which begins in February.
Question 2, the Pink Tax Repeal, allowed Nevada to join 14 other states that do not tax feminine hygiene products. The sales tax exemption will go into effect on Tuesday, January 1st, 2019.
Question 4, Medical Patient Tax Relief 2018 which would remove sales tax from the purchase of medical equipment prescribed by a licensed health care provider, will be decided in the next legislative session.
Question 5, the automatic voter registration, was also approved, but the Nevada Department of Motor Vehicles says there won’t be any updates until early 2019.
Question 6 which will give voters the choice to decide where Nevada’s energy will come from must be approved again in 2020 to take effect.
** ZachNews wishes everybody a joyful and safe New Year 2019. **